Does your dog suffer from dry skin, sensitive paws, or other common skin problems? Many pet parents believe they can’t help their dogs’ skin issues, but you’ll be relieved to know that’s not true. Several effective treatments exist for dogs with pesky, itchy skin, from bacterial infections to parasite-induced scabs. It all starts with understanding the most common causes of irritation in the first place. We’ll look at the root causes of some of the most frequent canine skin problems so that you can give your dog much-needed relief from those nasty itches.
Canine Atopic Dermatitis (CAD)
Canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) is a chronic skin condition that affects dogs of all ages. However, it is most common in middle-aged and older dogs. Dogs with CAD may have dry, irritated skin and itching. They may also develop secondary infections from scratching or licking the area.
CAD is caused by an overactive immune system that releases inflammatory substances called cytokines. These substances cause inflammation in the skin tissue and make it more susceptible to other allergies and bacterial and viral infections.
The symptoms of CAD vary widely depending on where it occurs on your dog’s body. However, if left untreated, they result in redness around areas of hair loss, as well as extreme itching and infection. In addition, the paws tend to be particularly vulnerable since they’re often moistened with urine and cause irritation.
Hot spots are inflamed, red, and irritated areas with increased itchiness on the skin. They can be caused by allergies, skin infections, and other skin conditions. Common causes of hot spots include flea bite dermatitis, food allergies, and atopic dermatitis from Staphylococcus bacteria or yeast.
Treatment for hot spots includes antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, or a combination of both. These medicines have been proved to be a quick way to get instant relief for your dogs. FDA-approved drugs like Apoquel for dogs are an example of one of many effective treatments available nowadays.
Pyoderma is a bacterial infection of the skin that many different bacteria can cause. It’s most common in dogs but can also be found in cats. The condition may result from external or internal causes.
External pyoderma develops when bacteria are introduced through wounds or other breaks in the skin. This type of pyoderma is highly contagious, so keeping your dog’s paws clean and dry is essential to reduce their risk of contracting.
Internal pyoderma occurs when there is an imbalance between acidity levels beyond the pH levels of the animal’s body. It mostly happens when their immune system has been compromised due to stress or illness.
Acral Lick Dermatitis
Acral lick dermatitis (ALD) is one of the most common skin diseases in dogs, and it is caused by anxiety. ALD is a self-inflicted condition in which your dog licks and bites its paws, legs, abdomen, or other body parts until they bleed. Licking the affected area often results in sores that can become infected if left untreated, leading to chronic problems.
While ALD is not life-threatening, it can be dangerous when left untreated. It can lead to further complications such as bacterial infections that may require antibiotics for treatment. Therefore, this condition should always be treated by an experienced veterinarian who knows how to administer medication safely.
Seborrhea is a skin condition in dogs that causes dry, scaly skin. It’s caused by a yeast infection of the sebaceous glands that produce oil under your dog’s skin. The yeast infection can be treated with anti-fungal medication, but there are other steps you can take to help your dog.
Brush his coat regularly: Brushing will help remove dead skin cells that build up on the surface of your dog’s coat. It prevents them from irritating his sensitive skin.
Bathe him with medicated shampoo: If your vet recommends bathing with medicated shampoo to treat his seborrhea, use lukewarm water. It’s less drying than hot water and won’t irritate sores or open wounds on his body if they’re present.
Canine Papilloma Virus (CPV)
Canine papilloma virus (CPV) is a viral infection that affects dogs and is highly contagious. If your dog does not receive treatment for this condition, it can lead to skin, mouth, and tongue diseases.
The virus causes small bumps on your dog’s skin, eventually developing into warts around their body. The bumps are not painful but can irritate your dog because they itch and bleed when scratched by your pet. Commonly seen symptoms of CPV include:
- Obsession with scratching at the affected area until it bleeds.
- Redness in the affected area.
- Itching sensation.
Mange is a skin condition caused by tiny mites that burrow into the skin and lay eggs. The resulting inflammation causes intense itching, leading to redness, scabbing, and crusting of the hair. Treatment for mange depends on its type:
- Demodectic mange is caused by mites inside your dog’s hair follicles. It is most prevalent in puppies between three and nine months old. It often appears as bald patches or scaly areas on the face, ears, and feet that may crust over with scabs. Some types of demodicosis also cause baldness in other parts of the body. Demodex mites prefer areas with friction, such as around elbows or knees, so they’re more likely to show up around these parts.
- Sarcoptic mange, also called sarcoptic acariasis, can affect dogs of any age but usually appear in adults. This type occurs when Sarcoptes Scabiei mites enter through tiny cuts in the skin or burrow into hair follicles.
Consult a Veterinarian
It might be tempting to try home remedies for your dog’s skin problems, but the best way to treat a skin problem is by visiting a vet. A professional diagnosis and prescription will ensure you treat your dog’s condition effectively. In addition, it helps prevent more serious conditions from developing.
Visit a veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. The sooner you can get a proper diagnosis, the better. It allows your veterinarian enough time to prescribe the appropriate treatment based on what they find during their examination. It may include antibiotics or medications designed for dogs’ skin problems.
Trust your vet’s advice about which treatments best suit each case of dog eczema symptoms. This information is essential when determining how much time should be spent keeping up with treatment at home.
Early Intervention Can Help Your Dog
Early intervention is one of the most important things you can do to help your dog. Recognizing and treating skin conditions as soon as they appear can prevent them from becoming more serious.
It’s always a good idea to have your pet examined by a veterinarian when you notice anything out of the ordinary. It will be critical if the skin problem seems to be causing discomfort or pain. Even if it appears to be something minor, it is still recommended that you have your dog checked out. Some diseases could be developing underneath the surface with no visible signs yet. If caught early enough, you can treat these conditions before severe health problems for your pet.